pindone rabbit poison

There are two types of registered pindone products; ready-to-use baits and concentrates used to prepare baits: Ready-to-use oat or carrot baits are available ‘over-the-counter’ from retail merchants or from licensed contractors and government pest control agencies. Pindone is an anticoagulant poison, similar in action to some rat poisons. Martin, G. R., Sutherland, R. J., Robertson, I. D., Kirkpatrick, W. E., King, D. R. and Hood, P. J. Adjust quantities so that no more than 20% of the bait remains on the following morning. The other poison is sodium fluoroacetate or “1080”, which is normally used in rural areas only. Canberra. Although information on the toxicity and non-target impacts of pindone is limited, it is thought to be moderately toxic to a range of species. Martin, G. R., Kirkpatrick, W. E., King, D. R., Robertson, I. D., Hood, P. J and Sutherland, J. R. (1994). Anticoagulant-rabbit poison, active ingredient 0.25/kg Pindone. Eason, C. T. and Jolly, S.E. Warfarin, pindone, brodifacoum, and diphacinone are just some of the anticoagulants that you may find in these type of poisons. Pindone is a very effective poison when delivered in 3 spaced doses. It is also more dangerous for rabbits to ingest small doses over several days than ingest a single large dose, but either type of exposure may lead to poisoning. PC-RAB25. Poisoning with pindone can occur with a large single dose, but it is more effective when given as a series of smaller doses over a period of 4 to 12 days. Shotgun Rabbit Pindone Oat Bait 2.5 kg *7044* Item Description . Cost Effective. Bait containing pindone is likely to lose potency after laying in wet conditions, with bait prepared from the water soluble form (sodium salt) expected to do so more rapidly. avoidance of baiting near areas of native vegetation that is likely to harbor smaller non-target animals such as bandicoots. It should also include a long-term strategy for dealing with potential rabbit damage, including the removal of any rabbit harbourage etc. All bait that is uneaten 4 days after bait consumption ceases should be collected and destroyed either by incineration or burying at a depth of 500mm. Although poisoning programs can be carried out year-round, baiting is most effective when alternative food for rabbits is scarce eg. Bleeding may be visible around the nose, mouth, eyes and anus and animals may pass bloody faeces. Poisoning with pindone is used to minimise the impact of the introduced European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) on agricultural production and the environment. EYE CONTACT: Flush with cool water for at least 15 minutes. Pindone Possum & Rat is a first generation anticoagulant poison cereal based pellet Pindone does not pose the same secondary poison risk as second-generation anticoagulants do. Carrot baits are readily accepted by rabbits but must be freshly prepared and tend to dry out quickly in hotter climates. If there is a significant risk of poisoning non-target animals, bait should not be laid or measures must be taken to reduce the risk. Rabbit numbers will start to progressively decline about 10 days after the first application of poison bait. In Western Australia, pindone is vacuum impregnated into oats, forcing the poison into the kernel. Carcasses of poisoned rabbits should be collected for a minimum of 12 days after the last poison feed. Ground baiting of rabbits with pindone. Pindone is a first-generation anticoagulant poison that has been used to control rabbits in Australia since the 1980s. Pindone AgTech Rabbit Pellets are a first generation anticoagulant cereal based pellet. Anon. Free feeding priorto the application ofpoison baits to encourage rabbits onto baittrail is optional, but may assist in determining the amount of baitrequired. RABBAIT® is available through ACTA directly, rural merchant stores, hardware stores, nurseries and from licensed pest control contractors. Registered pursuant to the ACVM Act 1997, No V4110. Anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning in rabbits is caused by exposure to specific rat poisons. Cattle, goats, chickens, cats and dogs are less susceptible than rabbits, but still may be at risk if exposed to large doses or smaller doses on successive days. Pindone is typically used where the alternative rabbit poison, sodium fluoroacetate (1080), is either impractical or unsuitable. The poison normally takes effect about six days after the first bait is taken, but may take up to 14 days. A great deal of Pindone would need to be consumed for animals, such as cats and dogs, to suffer poisonous effects which makes Pindone less hazardous to non-target animals while still being lethal to rabbits. Such measures could include: use of bait stations or enclosures to restrict access to non-target animals; fencing to exclude larger species such as macropods; and. Pindone has the great advantage of being what we call a chronic poison (i.e. This delayed onset reflects the time required to deplete existing stores of vitamin K and blood clotting factors. Agricultural Protection Program. The density of rabbits on the site should be estimated using spotlight counts and/or warren monitoring. (2002). Because of its low toxicity, Pindone will not be very effective on mice. For further information refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), available from the supplier. 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This can predispose these animals to predation which can in turn place predators at greater risk from secondary poisoning. vertebrate pesticide control manuals, Landcare Notes, Farmnotes etc. biosecurity officer, ranger), Management professional (e.g. This is also the time when young rabbits do not travel far from their burrows and bucks vigorously defend their territorial boundaries, making it less likely that all rabbits will have access to bait. Twigg, L. E., Lowe, T. J., Martin, G. R. and Gray, G. S. (1999). This product is registered for bait station use only, for the control of Possums and Rats. The placement of bait is critical. Mason, G. and Littin, K. E. (2003). urban/residential and semi-rural areas. The SOP should only be used subject to the applicable legal requirements (including OH&S) operating in the relevant jurisdiction. A number of native species are likely to be as sensitive as rabbits to the effects of pindone. and received funding from the Australian Government to undertake this website upgrade. Ensure that the grass is short, as rabbits love short grass. After ingestion of anticoagulants, there is usually a lag period of 3-5 days before the onset of clinical signs. A registered rabbit poison, pindone comes in two forms, powder and liquid. PLEASE NOTE WE CAN NOT SHIP THIS PRODUCT OVERSEAS AS IT IS A GRAIN BASED PRODUCT. RABBIT PELLETS PINDONE 25KG. Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1998, Health (Drugs and Poisons) Regulations 1996, Controlled Substances (Poison) Regulations 1996, Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) Act 1995, Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical (Control of Use) Act 1992. Overall rabbit numbers are expected to progressively decline, commencing about 10 days after the first application. Both are applied to bait material such as carrots or oats, according to the Department of Primary Industries. Developed and manufactured by Freezone using high quality local sterilised oats. An offering of fresh carrots will seem like breakfast at Tiffany’s to a rabbit, but the 3 doses of pindone will fairly quickly fix the threat to the garden and substantially reduce the overall rabbit population getting ready to breed in the rainy season. Safety Data Sheet. Secondary poisoning can occur in species which feed on poisoned rabbits and carcasses eg. If irritation develops, obtain medical assistance. Other material such as coloured dyes, sugar and starch may also be added. Acute poisons These poisons are fast acting and will kill rabbits after a single dose. Most recently the LHPA has been active in coastal areas of southern NSW, promoting the use of pindone to kill rabbits and training local landholders to use pindone-baits. Developed and manufactured in Australia using high quality local sterilised Oats. Assessment of the potential toxicity of the anticoagulant pindone (2-pivalyl 1, 3 indandione), to some Australian birds. Bait is distributed using either of the following methods: Monitoring of numbers and amount of free-feed taken will help to estimate the quantity of poisoned bait required. Anon. In NSW, formal notification MUST be given at least 72 hours prior to laying baits. If pindone gets on skin, immediately wash area with soap and water. NSW Agriculture. As a general guide the following amounts are recommended for ‘. After use, wash contaminated clothing, boots and gloves. A review of the anticoagulant pesticide pindone. Standard Operating Procedure. Macropods, bandicoots and a range of granivorous birds are susceptible to primary poisoning. Download: RABBAIT® 1080 Carrot Bait Label Download: RABBAIT® Pindone Carrot Bait Label ACTA now supplies fresh carrot baits as free-feed, Pindone coated, or 1080 coated baits. Cattle, goats, chickens, cats and dogs are less susceptible than rabbits, but still may be at risk if exposed to large doses or smaller doses on successive days. at the end of summer or early autumn. One at a minimum of 30 metres from where rabbits are living, and another 40 metres out from the first trail. A benefit of using pindone is the faster return time of stock to the block. Shotgun Pindone OAT RABBIT BAIT. This strategy should be proactive rather than being reactive to a particular problem. Whilst pindone pellets are not the only tool available for rabbit control (i.e. where pos… vertebrate pest control manuals, Landcare Notes, Farmnotes etc.) Pindone is an anticoagulant drug for agricultural use. These are restricted chemical products available only to authorised people who have appropriate training in their use: Pin-25 Rabbit Bait Rodenticide (Rentokil), Pindone-25 Rabbit Bait Rodenticide (Aldi), Rabbait® Aqueous Pindone Concentrate (Animal Control Technologies), hoe, disc or mattock for digging shallow furrow or specially designed baitlayer, bait mixer e.g. Label . More detailed information on notification and warning signs can be found in the relevant product labels, permits and State guidelines e.g. More detailed information on pindone use can be found on approved labels, from various state guidelines (e.g. and relevant federal, state and territory legislation. There are five registered ready-to-use oat or carrot baits available ‘over-the-counter’ from retail merchants or from licensed contractors and government pest control agencies: Rabbait® Pindone Oat Bait (Animal Control Technologies). Rabbit control using pindone poison. Warning signs must be erected at all entry points to the property, entrances to the actual poisoning site and at property boundaries fronting a public thoroughfare. Any attempt to reduce the impact of rabbits on the productivity of any agricultural enterprise (for example, pasture, crops, tree-farms, horticulture) should be undertaken as part of a pest management plan. (2004).Vertebrate Pest Control Manual. This standard operating procedure (SOP) is a guide only; it does not replace or override the legislation that applies in the relevant state or territory jurisdiction. dasyurids and raptors. Shotgun pindone rabbit bait is an anticoagulant oat based poison to control feral rabbits as per the instructions for use. Initial signs of poisoning are depression/lethargy and anorexia followed by manifestations of haemorrhage including anaemia, laboured breathing, pale mucous membranes and weakness. Alternatively, trails of poisoned oat or pellet bait can be covered with sufficient soil to prevent non-targets from gaining access. There are different types of Pindone bait: carrot and pellet bait can be hand-laid on the ground for rabbits with a user certificate. Pindone is a first generation anticoagulant cereal bait and does not pose the same risks that second generation anticoagulants can, like residues and secondary poisoning. The authors of these documents have taken care to validate the accuracy of the information at the time of writing. item 2 Shotgun Rabbit Pindone Oat Bait 2.5 kg 2 - Shotgun Rabbit Pindone Oat Bait 2.5 kg . There are four registered pindone concentrates. If poisoning occurs, go straight to a hospital or doctor or contact the Poisons Information Centre (Ph 13 11 26). Pindone is a first-generation anticoagulant that acts by blocking the synthesis of vitamin K-dependant clotting factors, which causes fatal haemorrhages in susceptible animals. Contact your local authority for more information and advice on site assessment and monitoring of rabbit numbers. Last published on: Poisoning A Rabbit Many people will consider using poison and believe that it is the easiest way to kill a rabbit, but the reality is that there are no registered or effective poisons for rabbits, and if there were, they would cause much more problems than they would solve. (1991). Pindone must be used according to instructions on approved labels and guidelines issued by relevant State authorities for vertebrate pest control. To reduce the risks of pindone exposure to humans and non-target animals and to maximise effect on rabbit populations, bait should NOT be laid in the following instances: in the vicinity of macropod, bandicoot and native rodent refuge areas; when rain is expected in the next 24 hours; in urban areas on residential blocks less than 1000m. Appropriate personal protective equipment including overalls, rubber boots, face mask or safety glasses, and elbow length PVC or rubber gloves must be worn when handling pindone and poisoned bait. Baits must be laid in the eveningthrough rabbit feeding areas at a low enough rate to ensureovernightconsumption ofmost bait by rabbits. Anon. Dogs should be muzzled or restrained and cats confined to prevent them from eating poisoned rabbit carcasses. Always read the product label for specific directions on use. Pindone is toxic to humans and should be handled with care. Pindone is a poison used in Australia to kill rabbits and in New Zealand to kill rabbits and possums and sometimes wallabies as well. one in which the animal requires several feeds before sufficient toxic action is caused to induce death). Pindone interferes with the routine synthesis of vitamin K-dependent blood clotting factors in the liver. It is commonly used as a rodenticide in the management of rat and rabbit populations. Poisoning of non-target species can occur either directly by eating the carrot, oat or pellet baits intended for rabbits (primary poisoning) or through the tissues from a dead or dying poisoned animal (secondary poisoning). Pindone acid has low water solubility while the sodium salt is soluble in water. trapper, shooter), Government agency employee (local, state, national), Aquatic environments (including irrigation). Whilst rabbits are extremely susceptible, sheep, possums and horses are comparatively resistant. This page was created by the Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tasmania). in areas that are accessible to livestock or domestic animals; where streams, waterways or rivers may become contaminated; where foodstuff or feed intended for human or animal consumption may become contaminated; or. This is an advantage since the poison is cleared quickly from any non-target animal which accidentally receives a small exposure. The response of pindone proponents to the risk of secondary poisoning is an unproven assertion that this risk is very small because the sick rabbits go back to their burrows to die, an assertion that does not fit with the recommended method of effectively poisoning rabbits that involves "a series of smaller doses over a period of 4 to 12 days" rather than one large dose. PestSmart is managed through the Centre for Invasive Species Solutions (CISS) Pelletscan also be dispensed in bait stations for possums, rats and rabbits. Sufficient bait is required to allow all rabbits in an area to consume approximately 15-30g of bait from each application. AU $64.95. It is therefore recommended to avoid laying bait if rain is predicted overnight. The daily dose of pindone, administered for 5 days, ranged from 0.3 mg/kg for dogs to 2.5 mg/kg for chickens. 1080 cannot be used in built-up areas because of the dangers of secondary poisoning of dogs and cats (which may eat rabbit carcasses). Agriculture, Western Australia. Trails of bait must be laid through feeding areas where rabbit activity is highest and preferably where the pasture is short or absent. The Centre for Invasive Species Solutions manages these documents on behalf of the Environment and Invasives Committee (EIC). The time to death is around 10 to 14 days after the initial dose. Vertebrate Pest Research Services. Rabbits poisoned with Pastoral Ag Pindone Oat Rabbit Bait usually die after a delay while body stores of clotting factors and vitamin K are exhausted. Without these factors, the normal daily damage to blood vessels can no longer be repaired. The humaneness of rodent pest control. Consult the National Poisons Information Centre 0800 POISON (0800 764 766) or a doctor in every case of suspected chemical poisoning. • Wherever practical, 1080 remains the poison ofchoice for rabbit control in Western Australia, ... the impact (if any) of pindone rabbit control programs on raptor populations. Non-target species that accidentally receive a high enough dose of pindone will exhibit the same clinical signs as target rabbits i.e. Shotgun 0.5 g/kg Pindone OAT: An anticoagulant Oat based poison to control Feral Rabbits as per the instructions for use. Liquid (sodium salt) or powder (free acid) pindone concentrates are restricted chemical products available only to authorised people who have appropriate training in their use. An anticoagulant Oat based poison to control Feral Rabbits as per the instructions for use, 0.5g/kg Pindone. Types of pindone, administered for 5 days, ranged from 0.3 mg/kg dogs. 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Quantities so that no more than 20 % of the introduced European rabbit ( Oryctolagus cuniculus on..., National ), Aquatic environments ( including OH & S ) operating in the relevant product labels, various! Issued by relevant state authorities for vertebrate pest control depth of 500mm in a strategic manner as part of co-ordinated. Location and numbers of rabbits on neighbouring properties should also include a long-term strategy dealing... Pest animal occur from ingestion, inhalation of generated dust or skin contact/absorption be. A range of granivorous birds are susceptible to Primary poisoning local authority for more information and advice on site and! Acts by blocking the synthesis of vitamin K -dependent clotting factors and vitamin and! Harbour and scratching and feeding areas at a minimum of 30 metres from rabbits... 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